In today’s era, the internet is no more just about the static web pages and slow loading speeds. Static pages are now replaced by robust and fully functional web applications.

A web application that works on the remote server with the help of the internet. The app is stored on the remote server and gets delivered over the browser interface.

But to build a perfect and robust web application, the critical part is to select the right web application architecture and its components.

Therefore, I came up with this article wherein I will discuss what web application architecture is, why it is essential, and much more.

Let us start with defining web development architecture.

What is Web Application Architecture

An internet user sees a web page on their system through several interactions that happen in the backend. A series of interactions take place between different components like the middleware system, database, user interface, server, and the browser.

To manage all these interactions, web application architecture came into the picture. It ties up all this interaction together and makes sure that multiple applications work simultaneously.

To understand better, consider the example of opening a web page and how the process goes on. As a user hits the URL in the address bar, the message will go to the server. Later, the server will send a file to a browser, which then shows the requested page to the user. The point to note here is the code behind all this stuff.

But the code may not every time have the specific instruction to let the browser know how to interact with every user input. A web application architecture includes all the subcomponents which are necessary to load a page on the user’s device successfully.

In short, a web application structure will ensure robustness, efficiency, scalability, and security for a web page.

How Does Web Application Architecture Work?

For any web application, there will be two subprograms running side by side.

Server-Side Code: The program which responds to the HTTPs request.

Client-Side Code: The program which response to the user’s input.

cloud based web application architecture

For delivering any web application, these two sets of programs will work simultaneously. Both the programs will work as per the user inputs. The server-side code will be written in Java, C#, PHP, Phyton, Ruby on Rails, etc.

Whereas the code written in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is used for the Client-Side. This code cannot read the server-side files directly. Web application architecture will play a significant role in deciding the functions on the server as well as the client-side. It will even be able to determine how the functioning will go between these two in relation to each other.

Components of Web Application Architecture

As I said previously, the web application software architecture contains many components. These components are further combined into two categories.

User Interface App Components

They have a role related to the web app page like statistics, notification, settings, configurations, display, activity log, and much more. User interface app components are related to the experience rather than the development part. In a web app, they play a role in the layout plan in the interface.

Structural Components

The structural components in the architecture of web applications can be divided into three sub-parts, like the client, server, and database components. The client component will represent the web app’s functionalities that an end-user interacts with. The central hub spot which supports the business logic is handled by the server component. The database server component stores, retrieves and provides the data.

Types of Web App Architecture

A secure web application architecture is all about how the logic of the web app is distributed among the server and client-side. In the present stage, there are three types of enterprise web application architecture available. Let us get through all the three one by one.

Types of Web App Architecture

Single Page Applications(SPAs)

A modern web app architecture that focuses on enhancing the user experience. Single page application will load the whole web page only once. Later, when a user clicks on anything on the page, then only the requested data will get updated. The rest of the web page will remain as it is.

In short, single-page web apps enable dynamic interaction by only updating the requested content. SPAs become a reality due to AJAX- a short form of Asynchronous Javascript and XML. Single page application architecture just prevents unnecessary interruptions and provides an interactive user experience.

Micro Services

These are lightweight and small services that execute single functionalities. Micro Service architecture comes with so many advantages for developers as well as users. This modern web application architecture increases productivity and makes the deployment process faster.

The best thing about microservice architecture is developers can pick any stack of technology as the components that make the application do not depend on each other. Henceforth, components are developed using various technologies. Microservices architecture makes Web application development services easier and faster in nature.

Serverless Architecture

In this type of modern web architecture, third-party cloud infrastructure is responsible for maintaining and computing servers. A web app developer will hire a third-party cloud infrastructure for the server as well as infrastructure management. With the help of serverless architecture, we can execute the application code without the need of infrastructure-related tasks.

It suits best to all the companies who do not wish to support or manage hardware and server of the web app. Serverless architecture is also known as FaaS(Function as a Service) or serverless computing. Some even call serverless architecture the future of software architecture.

SEE ALSO: Custom Website Development For Small and Large Businesses

What is Web Server Architecture?

Web Server Architecture

Web server architecture is defined as a logical layout of the web server through which a server is designed, built, and deployed. The primary purpose of this architect’s web design is to fulfill the request of clients(browsers and web apps). The application may be related to the REST API or a page resource.

A web server architecture usually comprises storage, server, performance, app tires(bind different apps to the server), network connectivity, and operating system. The different types of web server architecture are mentioned below.

Java Web Application Architecture

Java – a versatile programming language that is popular in an enterprise development environment. It is one of the most popular programming languages among developers. Java web application architecture can help you achieve desired results for any type of web apps. Whether it is informative or simple web apps or multi tired, you can expect best with this web app architecture. You can easily pick any of the Java native tools and frameworks and develop anything from simple to complex web apps.

Node.js Web Application Architecture

Javascript application architecture like Node.js has a pattern of different model views like model-view-view-model, model-view-controller, and many more. Node.js enables the creation of various patterns with the aim of identifying the code and configuring the elements. It relies on the entity-relationship that further ensures the working, breaking of logic to modules, dicing the codes, data systematization, and log analyzer of the application. This javascript application architecture enables developers to build scalable applications.

PHP Web Application Architecture

This mobile app backend architecture permits robust and straightforward development. PHP development service is among as the least complex and highly functional options for the developers and clients. It is the best language for beginners. The architecture comes with high security and simple maintenance.

Cloud-Based Web Application Architecture

The migration to this architecture could benefit all the parameters. The cloud-based web apps function and store the data over the cloud and the local server. Cloud-based web application completely relies on remote servers wherein the logics get processed to the web browsers as per the user’s request.

Angular JS Based Web Application Architecture

This web application structure works in a dual-mode. It works for HTML as well as TypeScript that is for platform and framework too. AngularJs web application architecture comes with lots of benefits. It includes UX with lazy loading and even reduces the coding size.

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The Ending Thoughts

Modern web application architecture replaces the older components and legacy structures. In this era, to keep users engaged, you need a web app that gives them the best experience.

The robustness, scalability, security, and responsiveness of any web app highly depend on the types and models of the web application architecture, and the web app idea that you select to work on. Therefore, take some time and think about the type and model of web app architecture that suits best to your business. Our expert team can help you get the best solution for your web app.

Yet, confused about how to design architecture for a web application? Let’s Talk!!

Paresh Sagar

Article By

Paresh Sagar

Paresh Sagar is the CEO of Excellent Webworld. He firmly believes in using technology to solve challenges. His dedication and attention to detail make him an expert in helping startups in different industries digitalize their businesses globally.