Ever wondered what web development languages do for a web platform? How are some websites so attractive yet so dynamic simultaneously? How is it visually so appealing and also functions just fine? The entire mechanism of a website or a web app is created, controlled, and managed by scripting language development.

The mechanism of a web platform includes:

  • Structure
  • Styling
  • Behavior

There are over a hundred web development languages for developers to learn. But, it is neither necessary nor practically possible to do so. Hence, we have compiled some of the best technologies developers can learn since they will all trend in the future.

But first, let’s go through the highly in-use programming languages that help build web pages with multimedia content, thus making it easy and accessible to the end users.

3 Major Aspects of Best Programming Languages for Web Development

Programming Languages for Web Development

Each of the web development languages has different uses. Wondering what are they?

  • Front-end or Client-side Programming Languages

The front-end programming language is visible to the bare eye. Programmers are responsible for a website’s aesthetic appeal. Everything is visible to the user – layout, format, UI, navigation, symbols, graphics, etc.

  • Back-end or Server-side Programming Language

The behind-the-scenes logic and infrastructure of a web platform fall under the backend programming. Adding more to this, the encryption, data, and site architecture – all fall under the same cloud. Also, this code is responsible for forming a connection between the front-end website and the server.

  • CMS

The content management system can be used for managing the writing and collaborating with the other managers of the web platform for its front-end and back-end. In a nutshell, one can use CMS to maintain the website automatically with a few clicks without using other programming languages.

What is Full Stack Development?

Full Stack development involves the developer taking care of both – the backend and front end. It’s like a one-man army of web developers well-versed in in demand programming languages (both popular languages in server and client-side programming).

Different programming languages belong to different aspects of web development. Yet, each aspect requires one thing in common – CODING. So, let’s go through 16 different web development languages to create websites & web apps in detail.

1. Backend Programming Languages

Backend Programming Languages

First, the foundation of any web development lies in the backend coding. We have covered Laravel, Symfony, Node, .net, Ruby on Rails, Python & Java in this section. Let’s dive deep into the backend web development languages.

1.1 Laravel

If there’s one framework with an expressive yet elegant syntax, it is Laravel. It is known in the industry for the clean coding it allows. The database, queues, WebSockets, and the authentication it offers are robust. It’s one of the best coding languages in the world.


  • Unlike other frameworks, this one comes with pre-programmed functionalities that help developers build robust platforms in less time. Coding is simpler using this one.
  • This language allows the developers to tackle all the projects regardless of size – small, medium, or large.
  • Allows developers to tackle all bugs due to its mechanism easily. Also, it stores the passwords in an encrypted form that helps to protect the confidentiality of data.
  • It offers easy data migration.


  • It is lightweight because it does not have a comprehensive list of built-in features.
  • While the new updates are advantageous, Laravel’s older versions quickly become buggy.
  • Comparatively, every web developer feels that the speed of Laravel is a bit slow.

Use Cases:

  • Wattpad
  • Bank of Texas
  • 9GAG

1.2 Symfony

Symfony is one of the best picks in the types of programming languages for large web development projects. So, if your project has complex features on a long-term basis, Symfony might be your best bet.


  • It is important to leverage the time saving feature of Symfony.
  • Quite an easy-to-maintain programming language. Also, adding a new programmer to the team is easy as there is no complexity.
  • Moreover, the framework-written codes are proven already. This, in turn, reduces the rate at which a developer might commit mistakes.
  • All components of this framework are secure enough. Also, there are regular updates that take place. These help it become the preferred framework for projects.
  • It is designed with incredible flexibility features, which make it all the way more reliable.


  • Real-time high-load applications have seen a low performance in Symfony.
  • As reliable as the platform is, learning this framework takes more time, dedication, and effort.

Use Cases:

  • Daily Motion
  • Vogue France/ Netherlands
  • Daily Motion

1.3 Node js

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Node js is cross-platform with open source, giving a runtime for mainly developing server-side and networking apps. Besides, it is one of the top programming languages written in Javascript, and its runtime is on OS X, Microsoft Windows, and Linux.


  • This programming language gives speedier runtime, which is why it excels more than other frameworks.
  • It is considered the best due to its built-in error-handling mechanism, which allows handling errors in the runtime.
  • Node js is best for its cost-saving and time-saving capabilities, which is why companies prefer this framework over others.
  • The highly scalable programming language responds quickly to the data layers. It can build apps more easily.
  • Its reliability, flexibility, and performance make it the most popular programming language.


  • Node js becomes difficult to maintain and upgrade due to its unstable API.
  • Due to its relational database settings, working with this framework is difficult.
  • It is not so suitable for a because it is desktops single threaded can only use one CPU at a time.

Use Cases:

  • Netflix
  • Walmart
  • Trello
  • LinkedIn
  • Uber

1.4 .net

.Net is a cross-platform execution for the breakthrough running of websites, services, and console apps on windows, Linux, and Mac OS. An integral part of the .Net platform is a wide collection of Technologies.


  • It is an object oriented language that allows developers to work on one part of the software simultaneously.
  • .Net is different is a distinct one from other web development languages. It is an easy-to-deploy and maintains the framework.
  • The programming language has an in-built Visual studio that will help developers to build the applications without any hassles.
  • The automatic monitoring for never missing out on errors while coding and streamlining the processes.
  • Besides, cache implementation improves performance and scaling for the developers in the process.


  • In the new database designs, flexibility is questionable in this framework.
  • Developers might have no control over this .Net framework if there is any unusual change in the future.

Use Cases:

  • Microsoft
  • GoDaddy
  • Outlook

Confused with the never-ending list of existing tech stacks? Check out the blog written by our technology experts on tech stack for web app development.

1.5 Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is a server-side application development framework in the Ruby programming language. And it provides the default structure for databases, web page, and web services. Developers learning this have a pretty bright programming career.


  • It is a fast and effective web programming language for development.
  • Rails come with numerous helpful tools and libraries that are a tremendous part of the software.
  • This programming language is consistently on the rise in popularity.
  • It gives developers the freedom to apply their creative solutions.


  • Mainly, this framework is too flexible for debugging.
  • Compared to other frameworks, it has slower run time performance and speed.
  • The cost is higher than the other platforms.

Use Cases:

  • Twitter
  • Airbnb
  • GitHub

1.6 Python

Python is quite a popular language mainly used to build websites and software and conduct analysis. It is a general language for creating websites and software, data analysis, and data visualization. Moreover, Python market is estimated to be around $103 Billion by 2027.


  • For the beginner, it is the best web development language.
  • The framework is easy and flexible to use in web development.
  • Python has extensive libraries and tools for the hassle-free process of development.
  • It is highly scalable and portable while in web development.


  • Compared with other top programming languages, it is slower.
  • Python has the potency to consume high memory, which can be a big hurdle in development.
  • The multi-threading is a bit complex to understand at first.

Use Cases:

  • Instagram
  • Spotify
  • Dropbox
  • Reddit

1.7 Java

It’s one of the most popular web development languages that is extensively used to develop Android apps and mobile operating systems. Mainly used to construct apps in laptops, data centers, game consoles, and others. It is considered an object-oriented programming language used for server-side development.


  • Other web development languages may have security risks, but when it comes to Java, it prevents unauthorized user access.
  • Java has a WORA(Write Once Run Anywhere) feature and can run on any system with Java.
  • It is highly portable, which is why it is trusted more in the development world.
  • The program has automatic garbage collection that automatically facilitates the free space.
  • Java provides efficiency as it has a mechanism for sharing data and languages, which makes it a distributed language.


  • The framework is not apt for the GUI compared with other languages.
  • No backup facilities are available in Java, so data storage is not protected.
  • Java has many complex syntaxes, making it harder for developers to remember.

Use Cases:

  • OperaMini
  • Cashapp
  • Google Earth

1.8 HTML 5 / CSS 3

CSS is made for essentially enhancing HTML and helping developers and users get control over the content display. It creates more visually appealing web pages, applications, and interfaces.


  • This programming language for web development is lightweight and quite faster to load.
  • HTML 5 has multimedia support and has a short and simple syntax.
  • Irrespective of the previous markup language, it tends to possess improved security features.
  • It gives semantic tags and cross-platform support for the developer’s flexibility.


  • Local storage is less secure than other web development languages.
  • When the run is in the range of devices, it tends to offer lower support than others.
  • The client-side rendering becomes a bit difficult with this platform.

Use Cases:

  • Zoho CRM
  • Google Docs/Drive

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2. JavaScript (Front End Web Development Languages)

Front-end programming languages for web development define the look and feel of web platforms, earning them the designation of languages for web designing.

Did You Know?

TypeScript helps in faster development with all JS frameworks.

Below explained are React JS, Angular JS, Vue JS & Next JS. Here are the four front end web development languages in detail.

front end web development languages

2.1 ReactJS

It is mainly a Javascript-based UI development library run by Facebook and other open-source communities. The library is best for web design languages and offers direct support to such a flux and react native, which is beyond catching up to the UI.


  • React js is a high level programming language that is convenient for creating scalable single-page applications.
  • The framework can work on multiple components simultaneously, giving web pages a refined unit.
  • It has a Redux stage that will help create the user interfaces, and it takes responsibility for updating the various components.
  • Unlike other tools, this web programming language is considered SEO-friendly, making it the best for website and app development.


  • Its higher pace of development can be a hurdle sometimes for development.
  • React offers less time for documentation with limited guides and details.

Use Cases:

  • Skype
  • Dropbox
  • Discord

Know why we are the MOST RELIABLE ReactJS development company here.

2.2 Angular JS

A structural framework designed to create dynamic web elements and apps is Angular JS. Angular JS primarily facilitates data binding, aids in dependency injection, and eliminates the need for manually writing code in this language.


  • It is an easy-to-extend framework that works faster, and it’s done on a single page only.
  • This web programming language is easy to extend as well as customizable.
  • One of the fewer frameworks that Google supports.
  • Angular JS is an easy-to-test framework in comparison with other platforms. So, what are you waiting for? Get in touch with the experts at Angular JS development company.


  • It is a not-so-secure framework, as no server authentication exists.
  • Angular JS highly depends on Javascript, which can restrict the development scope.
  • There is a massive issue of memory leakage in this platform.

Use Cases:

  • Gmail
  • Forbes
  • Upwork

2.3 Vue JS

Vue JS is a progressive framework connected with Javascript that helps build web interfaces and single-page apps. Besides, this programming language is a great contributor to desktop development and also building apps for Android or iOS.


  • The simplicity of this language makes it among the top programming languages easy to use.
  • Vue JS can be easily integrated into other frameworks according to easy requirements to create web pages.
  • It is very easy to build the UI, which can be an eye-catching factor nowadays.
  • Virtual DOM integration accelerates the overall performance of the currently existing application.


  • It lacks significant funding, so it lacks a bit of support to get frequent updates per the requirements of tools for development.
  • Vue js lacks in the experience of the preferable users due to its late break into the market.

Use Cases:

  • Adobe
  • Behance
  • Xiaomi
  • Alibaba

2.4 Next.js

Next.js is a react framework that is quite flexible and helps create the fast pace web applications for the developer’s community. It is a free, open-source front-end library that is considered best for modern stack websites.


  • It is a framework of a faster-to-build programming language for web development. It helps in building super static websites that behave like Dynamic websites.
  • When the website is built with Next.js is excellent at giving user experience.
  • The websites created by Next.js is quite Seo-friendly.
  • With Next.js gives great flexible UI & UX to make more appealing web applications.


  • The plugin system is relatively low in this framework.
  • Next.js is quite expensive compared to other web development languages.

Use Cases:

  • TikTok
  • Hulu
  • Deliveroo

SEE ALSO – Backend Vs Frontend Development

3. CMS – Content Management System

CMS stands for Content Management System. It allows a non-technical user to set up a website. We have covered Magento, Shopify, WordPress & Drupal in this blog. However, one can also employ a web designer to enhance its quality. Furthermore, recent data indicates that the top 1 million sitesuse CMS.

We have proven ourselves as the best CMS development company in the industry over the years. Below are the four most used CMS platforms.

most used CMS platforms

3.1 Magento

Magento is a section of the content management system mainly used to manage website pages. Besides, it is considered a sure-shot way to promote products by giving valuable information to the customers.


  • It is an open-source platform that is quite flexible for its end users.
  • Compared with other platforms, it has many features that make it one of the top programming languages.
  • Magento is mobile-friendly and is a must to ensure the success of e-commerce platforms.
  • The language tends to handle any largest ecommerce platform with utmost ease.


  • Magento is available in many versions but can still be considered more expensive than others.
  • Magento is quite a time-consuming task; it has a slow loading time.

Use Cases:

  • Liverpool
  • Landrover

3.2 Shopify

It is an ecommerce platform that helps build an online store and helps users buy and sell online through a streamlined dashboard. Mainly, it is a SaaS(Subscription based software as a software) platform.


  • The simplicity of using this platform makes the range of usage higher than other web developing languages.
  • If the storefront theme is the concept of an e-commerce platform, then Shopify is a must-use for them.
  • Shopify tends to enable numerous plugins, which is the most vital aspect of this platform.
  • The platform has a dedicated support team that provides 24/7 support to its users.
  • Mainly, their marketing tools can help accelerate the Seo rankings of the online store.


  • Shopify has ten free templates, and a one-time fee will be paid for using others.
  • The support system will work efficiently if there are any technical issues.

Use Cases:

  • Kylie Cosmetics
  • Sephora

3.3 WordPress

The CMS tool facilitates building and hosting websites by enabling various plugins and templates, which can be the best fit for easy website development. Installing it on a local web server is easy, and it quickly allows viewing on the proprietary website.


  • It is one of the most used web development languages due, so it is pretty easy to go ahead with it.
  • WordPress has numerous themes, which is the most significant advantage for its developer community.
  • The platform is SEO friendly, with plugins that help to optimize individual pages and blog posts.
  • With the help of page and blog templates, the content creation process becomes more straightforward.


  • The platform having many features can be quite an overwhelming task for users.
  • WordPress gives the most time-consuming task of managing updates and security.
  • Moreover, customized themes and plugins can be pretty expensive at times.

Use Cases:

  • TechCrunch
  • Microsoft News
  • TED Blog

3.4 Drupal

Drupal is mainly a free, open-source CMS written in PHP programming language that the users can run, modify, and be a great fit. The organizations mainly use corporate websites that help manage corporate websites.


  • The biggest perk this web development platform offers is that it is free to use.
  • Drupal tends to offer systematic updates for a better user experience.
  • It is the most secure as the site developed with this framework is the least vulnerable to catching any WordPress.
  • There are numerous plugins in Drupal, making the site more mobile-friendly.


  • Drupal sometimes becomes quite challenging to manage for the developer community.
  • Its limited number of modules can easily hinder website development.

Use Cases:

  • Tesla
  • Mint
  • NASA

Concluding Note – How do Most Popular Programming Languages Differ From Each Other?

Some web development languages are faster than the rest. 

Some are slower yet perform better. 

A couple of programming languages have a very efficient compiler that impacts the speed.

However, every language has beauty in programming, designing, and execution. Explore the website development services by Excellent Webworld and receive a fully-functional and user-centric web platform.

Contact Excellent Webworld


A web development language is the writing, markup, and coding required to develop web platforms.

A combination of various backend and frontend languages is required for a web app or website development.

Among all the web development languages, NODE JS | LARAVEL

Yes, PHP is one of the best programming languages for web development. Many renowned platforms are built using PHP. like Wattpad & 9GAG.

The highest salary languages are Node, Ruby on Rails & Python. Learn these coding languages today.

Mayur Panchal

Article By

Mayur Panchal

Mayur Panchal is the CTO of Excellent Webworld. With his skills and expertise, He stays updated with industry trends and utilizes his technical expertise to address problems faced by entrepreneurs and startup owners.