I’ve seen enough entrepreneurs make the same mistake over and over again. For instance, they choose technologies for their MVP app or complete mobile app solutions without understanding the back-end development needs, especially the cloud storage and database.
First thing, you need to understand the technical usage of every database and then decide the one that’s right for your product. In this blog, we will be comparing Firebase Vs MongoDB databases for the same.
But before going into the technical comparisons, you need to understand the basics of databases.
Why Knowing Your Technology Stack is Most Important?
Developing a successful app isn’t easy. To reach a broad audience, you’ll need to consider your iOS, Android, and web apps users; and to build for these platforms. Further, you’ll need secure cloud storage with a strong and secure database to store data and support these apps.
You aim to get more users, hopefully, lots of users (like millions) which means your cloud storage and the database will have to scale. Assuming you have solved your scaling problems, you have to find more ways to get new users. Further, this will increase your website and mobile app traffic, which in turn needs more backend technology scaling.
Oh no, your app is crashing and causing a service meltdown, and you haven’t even made a dime yet.
Sounds like a nightmare, right?
Do you know what went wrong? It’s your database.
When you design apps for iOS, Android, or the web; the database is a huge deal, so if not designed or set up correctly, it could become a big problem.
The most common issues with databases are:
The solution to all these issues is to choose the best database from the start. But first, you need to learn about different databases.
Quick Lesson on Database Types
SQL and NoSQL are the only two database categories that you need to think about:
MySQL is the leading SQL relational database which is compatible to create both small and large size application. Most importantly, in the SQL databases the data is stored in a linear fashion in tables like the excel spreadsheet. In short, you can consider SQL as MS Excel on Steroids.
Top SQL Database Alternatives for 2021:
A NoSQL database is a non-relational database used to store and retrieve data. These databases work best with big data and real-time web applications.
In the NoSQL database, the data is in a tree-like structure. For instance, every new information is added as a branch and then sub-branches as you keep on adding.
Top NoSQL Database Alternatives for 2021:
Why Did The Companies Move From SQL To NoSQL?
There were many drawbacks that businesses faced due to setting up an SQL database. Evidently, the NoSQL database resolved these drawbacks.
Choose The Best NoSQL Database: Firebase Vs MongoDB for 2021
Now that you may have found that NoSQL database is the best option for you to set up your servers, you must find the best NoSQL database. Likewise, there are two prominent candidates for you to choose from MongoDB Vs Firebase.
Firebase and MongoDB can both be used as a service. Consequently, they both have their own websites where you can configure the backend server for your data. Most importantly, you can set the users, permissions, data security, and many other factors. These configurations are possible on both Firebase and MongoDB.
Let us get a more detailed look at what exactly are Firebase vs MongoDB, and what do they have to offer?
What is Firebase?
Firebase is a real-time engine with background connectivity. Moreover, it’s an entire ecosystem for building web and mobile apps. Google presently acquires Firebase. The Google Firebase is a much more complete solution than MongoDB as it has many services like hosting, storage, cloud function, machine learning, and much more.
For my non-technical readers, Firebase is a Backend-as-a-Service. Furthermore, it provides a real-time database and backend as a service. The real-time database is perfect when you want your data to remain synchronized across all of your app users.
Cloud Firestore lets you store your data in the cloud so that your app data can be synced across all your users’ devices or share them among multiple users. It offers robust client libraries, full support for offline mode, comprehensive set of security rules, easy-to-use data browsing tool, etc.
Firestore works in absolute real-time, automatically fetching changes from your database as they happen.
Being a part of the Cloud Firebase services, it integrates seamlessly with all the other Firebase products.
It is perfect for applications that need real-time data fetching like chatting apps, multi-player gaming app, stock trading apps, or sports score update app.
Firebase Offers Following Suite Of Features
What is MongoDB?
Firstly, It’s an open Source NoSQL database that is managed and developed by MongoDB Inc. Secondly, MongoDB is a document database that offers the scalability and flexibility that you want with the querying and indexing of your need. Further, the main emphasis while building MongoDB was on scalability and consistency.
MongoDB doesn’t provide a complete ecosystem like Firebase but rather primarily focuses only on the storage of data. However, it is still adopted widely just because of the sheer number of different app categories it can power.
The developers have a lot more power in developing apps because they don’t have to make their application accommodate the needs of the database anymore. Therefore, MongoDB accommodates them so the app can store data in a natural way.
Pros, Cons & Comparisons of Firebase Vs MongoDB For 2021
Here are some common comparisons between Firebase and MongoDB.
|Performance||Firebase has inferior performance than MongoDB||MongoDB provides high performance with high traffic apps|
|Security||Firebase is not as Secure as MongoDB||It is more Secure than Firebase|
|Applications||Firebase is ideal for small-scale applications||MongoDB is best suitable for large-scale applications|
Firebase and MongoDB are very proficient and great in their respective applications so just a few common comparisons can’t do justice to these technologies.
So here are a detailed list of Pros and Cons of MongoDB Vs Google Firebase for you to get a better idea.
Pros of Firebase Vs MongoDB
|Instant data updates without refreshing.||MongoDB has powerful sharding and scaling capabilities|
|Easy to synchronize multiple computers with the database.||Dynamic — No rigid schema.|
|No need to worry about your server going into meltdown if you suddenly get tonnes of traffic.||Flexible – field addition/deletion have less or no impact on the application|
|It has a Cloud-Based Event Queue.||Data Representation in JSON or BSON|
|Real-time Firebase Push Notifications||MongoDB has Geospatial support.|
|Google Firebase is ideal for Real-time Chat/messaging applications.||Easy Integration with BigData Hadoop|
|Firebase pricing offers a pay-as-you-go plan with flexible rates.||This one offers a free version when you configure it in your own server, with the paid version you will get a serverless set up (using MongoDB servers).|
|It offers synched Application State.||MongoDB’s documentation has a very vast collection of literature and MongoDB tutorials for new users.|
|This one offers a superfast CDN for static websites.||It is very flexible as it doesn’t require a unified data structure across all objects.|
|With Google’s Cloud Platform, Firebase allows straightforward hosting.||MongoDB is secure because no SQL injection can be made.|
Cons of MongoDB Vs Firebase
|Firebase has esoteric security protocols.||MongoDB is infamous for corrupting, leaking, or losing data over time.|
|Firebase only has paid version so you can’t set up Firebase on your own server, you will have to purchase Google’s server.||The indexing and searching in MongoDB are not very powerful.|
|There are no relational queries in Firebase.||MongoDB is not entirely ACID-compliant (Atomic, Consistency, Isolation, Durability)|
|You don’t own the servers that host your data, so it’s not possible to export your user data.||No function or stored procedure exists where you can bind the logic|
|Dealing with relations with Firebase is quite complex.||MongoDB has confusing ‘middleman’ hosting arrangements|
|With Firebase, data migration is a tricky subject.||Complex queries are very difficult to work with.|
SEE ALSO: Build Highly Scalable Enterprise mobility Solutions with MongoDB
Firebase Vs MongoDB: Where to Use Each Database
|Where to use Firebase||Where to use MongoDB|
|For short on development time||Evolving data requirements|
|If your app needs data in real-time||Real-time analytics & high-speed logging|
|Planning to scale your application easily and frequently||Better Caching & high scalability|
|Perfect for Instant messaging, online gaming, & social networks apps||Complete Configuration Management|
|Real-time sync between devices and browsers||Maintaining location-based data — Geospatial data|
|Intuitive API for seamless 3rd party integration||Large Enterprise Data Management|
Firebase Vs. MongoDB: Where Not to Use Each Database
|Where not to use Firebase||Where not to use MongoDB|
|Google Firebase is not right for you if you wish to own your user data.||Highly transactional systems or where the data model is designed up front.|
|Although Firebase has cross-platform nature, it offers less support for iOS apps compared to Android.||There are better options than MongoDB if you are planning to build a Detailed design system.|
|If your monthly plan exceeds, then Firebase charges a significant amount.||If complete ACID compliance is your need, skip this database.|
Top Companies using Firebase for their Database needs:
Top Companies using MongoDB for their Database needs:
Firebase Vs. MongoDB: Who Has The Upper Hand In 2021?
Both technologies have their own expertise and space of integration. For instance, Firebase is designed for real-time updates and data management. On the other hand, MongoDB is the best bet for quick data handling for large enterprises.
I believe that after all the descriptions, comparisons, Pros & Cons, the final decision should be left to you, the reader. Above all, it is you who is planning to choose from these two databases.
In conclusion; whichever database you choose, you will need a very highly skilled and intellectual team of developers to set up your back-end database structure. So choose your Firebase developer or MongoDB developers only after proper analysis and research.